About the Terminal

About the Terminal

Dalrymple Bay Coal Terminal ("DBCT") is located at the Port of Hay Point, which is 38 kilometres south of Mackay in central Queensland. It was established as a common-user terminal and commenced operations in 1983.

DBCT is supplied by an electrified rail system from the Bowen Basin coalfields and is Queensland's largest coal export terminal being the only privately owned and operated terminal in Queensland that offers multiple third party access.

The terminal was designed as an open access coal export facility by the Queensland Government on behalf of four original customers who were unable to access nearby Hay Point Coal Terminal ("HPCT").

HPCT is owned by the Central Queensland Coal Associates ("CQCA") joint venture and is operated by Hay Point Services Pty Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of BHP Coal Pty Ltd. HPCT was developed by the Utah Development Company in the early 1970s and further expanded in 1975-76 by the addition of the second berth.

In the late 1970s a number of new coal mine developments, not associated with Utah, were being planned but were unable to access port facilities. These mines included Blair Athol, Riverside, German Creek and Oaky Creek. The Queensland Government then made the decision to develop a common-user coal export facility immediately adjacent to the existing HPCT facility to service these new mines. The new facility, DBCT, was constructed by the then Harbours Corporation of Queensland on behalf of the Queensland Government.

DBCT processes three commercial coal categories being - coking coal, PCI coal and thermal coal - which can be blended into a possible 58 registered products. Coal processed through DBCT is defined as a homogeneous product attracting a single terminal infrastructure handling charge (known as the "TIC").

Coal is sold by the terminal Users on an FOB basis(FOB refers to "free on board"). The customers of DBCT's Users are responsible for organising and paying for shipping. Importantly, this means that the DBCT Users have a limited ability to influence shipping patterns.

DBCT is a critical component in the Bowen Basin export coal supply chain and caters for around 7% of total global seaborne coal exports and 21% of world metallurgical seaborne coal exports. As such, it is the strategic common user gateway for the Bowen Basin coal fields.

Coal is delivered to the terminal by rail and is unloaded as the trains pass through one of three rail receival stations.  The coal is then transported via a large network of conveyors to either the stockyard for storage or straight to the wharf to be loaded on a vessel.

DBCT key components

Three rail inloading systems feeding conveyors running to the stockyard @ 2 x 5,500 & 1 x 8,100 tonnes/hour.

Stockyard with an area of over 366,000m2 serviced by six stacker reclaimers, four stackers and two reclaimers.

Three outloading systems to the ship loaders, with three ship loaders capable of loading at a maximum rate of 8,650 tonnes per hour.

Four shipping berths, located approximately 3.8 kilometres offshore, all capable of berthing Cape size vessels to 220,000dwt.

DBCT Overhead Photo